Indonesia Combat Climate Change: from Waste to Electricity

Indonesia Combat Climate Change: from Waste to Electricity zonaebt.com
  • The effects of climate change brought on by the planet’s increasing temperature have been seen in many facets of daily life.
  • Indonesian government. The Government has established emission reduction goals from each sector that must be accomplished by 2030 as one way of contributing.
  • Waste is an issue in many large cities, particularly in Indonesia, as seen by the build-up of trash on the formal avenues of Bandung City.

The effects of climate change brought on by the planet’s increasing temperature have been seen in many facets of daily life. Therefore, overcoming and halting its acceleration needs a collaborative effort involving inputs from numerous stakeholders. Numerous human activities (anthropogenic) have directly and indirectly increased greenhouse gas emissions.

In fact, waste is an issue in many large cities, particularly in Indonesia, as seen by the build-up of trash on the formal avenues of Bandung City. Not to mention the dispute between the government and the neighbourhood where a final disposal site is located (TPA).

One of the top nations speaking out and acting to combat climate change is the Indonesian government. The Government has established emission reduction goals from each sector that must be accomplished by 2030 as one way of contributing.

In wealthy nations like Denmark, Switzerland, the United States, and France. The garbage processing procedure has been improved. In addition to getting rid of the unpleasant smell, this rubbish will be turned into electricity. In Denmark specifically, 54% of garbage is transformed into electrical energy.

The technology for converting this waste into electrical energy is, in theory, quite simple. It should be noted that the waste is burned to produce heat (a process known as thermal conversion), and the heat from the combustion is used to heat water and turn it into steam with the aid of a boiler. The turbine’s blades are then turned by high pressure steam, which is utilized to spin a generator that later generates energy that is then delivered to homes or factories via a shaft attached to the generator.

Baca Juga:



Today’s commonly utilized waste power plants use the incorrect incineration method. The dump truck’s garbage is unloaded, and it is fed into the inserator. The trash is incinerated in the incinerator. Water is turned into high pressure steam using the heat produced by combustion. The turbine receives steam straight from the boiler. To prevent environmental pollution, combustion byproducts like dust are treated further (trucks transport the rest of the combustion process).

This waste enhancement technology is typically more profitable than other power plants. 10,000 tons of garbage and 10,000 tons of barley are two examples. It is possible to receive fuel powered by free energy in addition to fixing pollution issues in order to manage foreign exchange.

The collecting, transportation, and disposal system—which causes waste to accumulate in landfills or Final Disposal Sites (TPA)—remains the paradigm of waste management in Indonesia. Landfill gas (LFG), which is primarily made of methane gas, will be produced when mountains of organic garbage degrade anaerobically (CH4).

Emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) are caused by methane gas, which is produced by the solid waste industry. If methane is not effectively controlled, it will be released into the atmosphere and increase global warming.

The Seboro TPA in the Krejengan District has experimented with using methane gas as a substitute supply. Gas collection, gas distribution, gas purification, and gas usage are all steps in the process of using methane gas in TPA Seboro.

Baca Juga:



At the landfill site, vertical and horizontal gas collection pipes are installed to collect or capture methane gas (landfill). Gas purification reactors must receive methane gas from landfills because it is still diluted with other gases.

According to the requirements of the gas purifying installation, the gas purification facility will create methane gas with a certain required quality. The gas generated is ready for usage and can be used as fuel or electricity.

By connecting the Seboro TPA’s methane gas to the stove unit, LPG is replaced as a source of energy for burning. Additionally, methane gas from the landfill can be used by local households for their gas stoves.

In order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and provide an environmentally friendly alternative energy source, it is crucial to manage and use methane gas in landfills.

References:

[1] Cara Mengubah Sampah Menjadi Energi Listrik

[2] PEMANFAATAN GAS METAN MENJADI SUMBER ENERGI DI TPA SEBORO

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