Fascinating! The Significance of Nuclear Power to India

Fascinating! The Significance of Nuclear Power to India zonaebt.com
  • Nuclear power is an efficient way of boiling water to create steam, this steam is used to turn turbines, which creates electricity.
  • As part of its extensive infrastructure development program, the Indian government is committed to increasing nuclear power capacity.
  • With the intention of lowering costs and expediting construction, the government had approved the construction of ten nuclear power reactors at once. Therefore, the government’s commitment to employing clean energy in India’s energy mix was reflected in the approval.
Illustration of nuclear power plant. Source: unsplash.com.

Nuclear energy is thought to be more advantageous than other renewable energy sources due to its lower environmental impact and waste emission.

Nuclear energy carries a lot of significance for India. As a matter of fact, it is claimed that India can’t even meet the net-zero target without nuclear power. However, the primary factor that contributes to nuclear energy’s popularity in India as an energy source is that it is also thought to be more environmentally friendly than conventional power sources.

Since the pre-project stage, which involves excavation work at the project site in India, an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) that measures energy efficiency has signalled the start of nuclear power reactor construction.

India is planning to start construction of 10 “fleet mode” nuclear reactors over the next three years, with the first pour of concrete for a 700 MW nuclear power station in Kaiga, Karnataka, scheduled for 2023.

According to the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), the Fundamental Payroll Certification (FPC) of Kaiga units 5 and 6 is anticipated to occur in 2023, Gorakhpur Haryana Anu Vidyut Praiyonjan units 3 and 4, and Mahi Banswara Rajasthan Atomic Power Projects units 1 to 4 are anticipated to occur in 2024. Finally, in 2025, the Chutka Madhya Pradesh Atomic Power Project units 1 and 2.

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In June 2017, the Center authorized the building of 10 700 MW pressurized heavy water reactors (PHWR) that were locally developed. The 10 PHWRs will cost Rs. 1.05 lakh crore to construct. In an effort to cut costs and speed up development, the government allowed the construction of 10 nuclear power reactors at once for the first time.

A nuclear power plant is anticipated to be constructed over the course of five years under the fleet method, starting with the pouring of the first concrete.

India currently has 22 reactors with a combined operating capacity of 6780 MW. On January 10 of last year, one 700 MW reactor at Kakrapar in Gujarat was connected to the grid; however, it has not yet begun commercial operations.

In contrast to wind and solar, which are not accessible continuously, India’s nuclear power might offer a dependable solution to the country’s energy needs. This could also result in a decrease in India’s contribution to the world’s GreenHouse Gases (GHG), which was 6.5% and was primarily made up of the energy sector.

By 2031, India’s 6,790 MW nuclear power capacity is anticipated to reach 22,480 MW. As a result, the nation will be better able to use other clean energy sources and reach its zero energy goals.

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As a neighboring country of India, Indonesia could try to learn and identify how India takes nuclear energy in a beneficial way. Even though nuclear power is frequently overlooked when discussing “clean energy,” despite being the second-largest global source of low-carbon electricity behind hydropower. It is better for Indonesia to also take a chance in understanding the benefit of its energy power. 

Try these quick facts for starter:

  1. Nuclear energy protects air quality

Nuclear energy maintains clean air by removing thousands of tons of dangerous air pollutants each year that cause smog, lung cancer, acid rain, and cardiovascular illness.

  1. Nuclear energy’s land footprint is small

Nuclear energy is the only clean-air source that generates more electricity than nuclear power on the same amount of land.

  1. Nuclear energy produce minimal waste

Nuclear fuel has a very high density. Because it is approximately 1 million times bigger than that of other conventional energy sources, the quantity of used nuclear fuel is not as large as you might believe.

References:

[1] India plans to build ten nuclear plants over next three years

[2] 3 Reasons Why Nuclear is Clean and Sustainable

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